Pol, Dipali and Menon, Vishnu and Rao, Mala (2012) Biochemical characterization of a novel thermostable xyloglucanase from an alkalothermophilic Thermomonospora sp. Extremophiles, 16. pp. 135-146.

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Abstract

Xyloglucanase from an extracellular culture filtrate of alkalothermophilic Thermomonospora sp was purified to homogeneity with a molecular weight of 144 KDa as determined by SDS-PAGE and exhibited specificity towards xyloglucan with apparent Km of 1.67 mg/ml. The enzyme was active at a broad range of pH (5-8) and temperatures (40-80°C). The optimum pH and temperature were 7 and 70°C respectively. The enzyme retained 100% activity at 50°C for 60 h with half-lives of 14 h, 6 h and 7 min at 60°C, 70°C and 80°C respectively. The kinetics of thermal denaturation revealed that the inactivation at 80°C is due to unfolding of the enzyme as evidenced by the distinct red shift in the wavelength maximum of the fluorescence profile. Xyloglucanase activity was positively modulated in the presence of Zn2+, K+, cysteine, β-mercaptoethanol and polyols. Thermostability was enhanced in the presence of additives (polyols and glycine) at 80°C. A hydrolysis of 55% for galactoxyloglucan (GXG) from tamarind kernel powder (TKP) was obtained in 12 h at 60°C and 6 h at 70°C using thermostable xyloglucanases, favouring a reduction in process time and enzyme dosage. The enzyme was stable in the presence of commercial detergents (Ariel), indicating its potential as an additive to laundry detergents.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Biological Sciences
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Mr Vishnu Menon
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2012 04:28
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2012 04:28
URI: http://ncl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/1000

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